Structural design of composite concrete section in RCS (EN)

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This tutorial shows how to create and specify a prestressed composite section with construction stages. Since IDEA StatiCa RCS has its own specifics when entering inputs for composite cross-sections, the internal forces must be recalculated if entering internal forces from Midas Civil.

1 MIDAS Civil 


It is a structural model with a span of 10 meters, designed with prestressing and subjected to three distinct permanent load cases that correspond to different stages of construction.

Model from Midas Civil

The model encompasses four stages. In the Formwork stage, the beam is supported by a nonlinear spring functioning solely under compression. During the Prestressing stage, the model is initially prestressed and subsequently the formwork is removed. Moving to the Casting stage, the slab is then poured. The design's operational lifespan is set at 100 years, accounting for the bridge beam's durability.

Construction stages in midas Civil

The internal forces for manual input to IDEA StatiCa RCS are taken from Element 5 and Node 7.  It means from the middle of the beam. 

Element for code - check and subsequent analysis

The internal forces for each part of the section and all construction stages are taken from Midas Civil. The tab with typed-in values for node 7 and element 5 is shown below.       

Section parts

Here you can see input from MIDAS Civil.

Internal forces for each part of the section

2 New project

Launch IDEA StatiCa (download the newest version) and select the RCS  application. Create a new project and set the code for bridges EN 1992-2-2008-07. Select the Prestressed section design

RCS model type selection

3 Cross-section

The composite section is exported from the DXF file enclosed in the attachment. It is important to create Phase 1 and Phase 2 to program separate the section into two parts. Concrete C30/37 is used for both components by default but can be modified for each part separately by clicking on Modify (pencil) button.   

4 Prestressing 

The prestressing arrangement accommodates both Pre and Post-tensioned tendons. Place a Pre-tensioned tendon at a distance of 250 mm from the center of gravity across the entire section. 

Tendon location

In Midas Civil, an equivalent tendon with a cross-sectional area of 600 mm² was designed. To achieve the same tendon area, adjust the material properties of the tendon as indicated in the table below.

material properties modification

5 Desing Member 

In Design Member is necessary to set Construction stages according to Midas Civil. The construction stages align with the final step in MIDAS Civil, while the initial step is disregarded. 

Construction stages in RCS

6 Action Stages

Action Stages are the most important in terms of correctly entering internal forces from third-party software such as Midas Civil. It is important to note that the internal forces from Midas Civil are related to each part of the cross-section (See the tab in chapter Midas Civil). In RCS, it is possible to enter internal forces into the Entire or Current section(1). Let's explain what each option means. 

The recalculated internal forces should be put if the Entire option is turned on.

Action stages

1 Entire

Internal forces will be related to the centroid concrete cross-section (without the reinforcement) with the modulus of elasticity at age 28 days. All phases of the cross-section are taken into account in the case of composite cross-section, irrespective of the fact that they currently exist. 


2 Recalculation of internal forces from third-party software 

The internal forces pertain to each component and necessitate recalculation to the center of gravity of the entire concrete section. Here is in detail described the workflow for all stages:

Recaltulated internal forces - Prestressin stage
Recalculated internal forces - Cast the slab
Recalculated internal forces - End od design working life

3 The tendon stress at every stage  

The stresses in the tendon at element 5 and node 7 are extracted from the Midas Civil and put into tab(3).

4 Current

Internal forces will be related to the centroid of the transformed cross-section determined from currently existing phases of cross-section and their prestressing reinforcement. Change of modulus of elasticity due to concrete aging is considered in all phases of the cross-section.  


5  Recalculation of internal forces from third-party software 

If we first enter the internal forces to the Entire section and then switch to the Current, we can see the calculation of these internal forces to the current phase of the transformed cross-section or the cross-section with a shifted center of gravity due to the prestressing tendon. The center of gravity also changes the location due to the aging of the concrete.  

Recalculated internal forces to transformed cross-section

7 Sections

Create the three copies of extremes and put the time for every construction stage. This setting allows you correctly entering of internal forces from Action Stages.


8 Internal Forces

The internal forces won't be rewritten again but will be extracted from the Action Stages tab.  At first, set the Current Extreme(1), which represents the construction stage. In general, a partial factor of 1.35 is considered for ULS and permanent loads, which is also the default setting in IDEA StatiCa RCS. For our purpose, we choose a factor with a value of 1(2). We will use the All button to extract the internal forces from the Action Stages.   

Internal forces - 10 days

For the construction stage Casting of the slab, change the Current Extreme to Stage 60  and perform the same steps as above.  

Internal forces - 60days

For the construction stage End of the design working life, change the Current Extreme to Stage 36500  and perform the same steps as above.  

Internal forces - 36500 days

9 Results

Run the analysis of all extremes if you move the part Results. To verify that the results are correct, let's pick the last construction stage, the End of the design working life, and move to the Stress limitation code-check. We can check if the Linear elastic stress is the same as in the Midas Civil.

Part 1_bottom = -5.2 MPa

Part 1_top = -2.7 MPa

Part 2 = -1.7 MPa 

Let's check the value of linear stress in Midas Civil in element 5 and node 7.

10 Report

At last, go to the Report Preview/Print. IDEA StatiCa offers a fully customizable report to print out or save in an editable format.

You have designed and code-checked a prestressed composite section according to Eurocode in application RCS.

Sample files