Structural design and code-check of a steel frame (EN)
1 New project
Let’s open IDEA StatiCa and select application Member.
Create a new project, type its name and select a folder where it will be saved. Then choose the design code, starting material properties, and the type of topology. Add nodes coordinates of the structural detail and add members within these nodes. Finally, click on Create project and start modeling the structural detail.
2 Analyzed members
Here you can see and change the parameters of the added members for the analysis. Change the cross-section of column AM1 to HEB260.
3 Related members
To add related members, which act as supports and load transferring parts for the structural detail, click on the node cube in the 3D scene or select the CON# in the tree list. Here you can add either ended or continuous related members by clicking on the axis directions X, Y, Z according to the global coordinate system. Add 2 ended members in the Y direction.
Then select the related member RM4 either in the 3D scene or in the tree list and modify its properties as cross-section, length, orientation, and supports at the free ends.
And modify the related member RM5 accordingly.
In menu Loads, you can add and modify load effects. A load effect stands for a group to which you can add one or more distributed loads on any analyzed or related member. Alternatively, within a load effect, you can input nodal internal forces on member ends.
One load effect containing a set of line loads has been generated automatically for all members. Delete 2 of them by clicking the right mouse button on each row in the tab and selecting Delete or clicking on the icon in the ribbon.
Then assign one distributed load to member AM2 and modify its magnitude and width to fit the beam.
Next, you can design the joints. Select a node cube in the 3D scene or select a CON# in the tree list and click on Edit connection.
Start with joint CON1 at the left column base. IDEA StatiCa Connection application module opens, and you can design the joint by adding the manufacturing operations.
In this case, add just one Base plate operation and modify its parameters.
Then select the joint CON2 and edit it in the module IDEA StatiCa Connection.
Instead of adding operations step-by-step, import a predefined template in Connection Browser.
Apply the template to cut the working time while choosing the appropriate bolt assembly and cleat size.
Continue by editing the joint CON3.
Here, add just one operation Cut and set the cutting method to Mitre cut to create a rigid connection.
At last, edit the joint CON4. Even though the software offers us to simply replicate the same design as for CON1, we will edit the connection to create a different one.
Click the right mouse button on the member and select the design of a base plate anchoring with stiffeners.
And then finish the design by modifying the widener operation.
Let's proceed to the Check tab and perform the analysis. Analysis in IDEA StatiCa Member is calculated in three steps using the CBFEM technology. First, analyze the MNA (materially non-linear analysis) to check the structural capacity, then calculate the LBA (linear bifurcation analysis) to investigate the structural stability and finally input the initial imperfections to appropriate buckling shapes and calculate the GMNIA (geometrically and materially non-linear analysis).
First, for this particular complex project, you need to raise the Number of analysis iterations to 40 and Divergent iterations count to 15 in the Code setup to provide enough computational capacity for the calculation.
And then select the MNA analysis and push Calculate.
The MNA analysis results are displayed, and you can check the status of each structural part as well as results in the 3D window, e.g. the strain distribution in the analyzed part of the structure.
Next, switch to the LBA analysis and repeat the Calculation.
You can read the buckling shape factors in the tab and see the first buckling shape 1 visualized while turning on the Uy display to better overview of deformation.
You can browse the visualization of the other buckling shapes by selecting them in the tab, e.g. the buckling shape 6.
Since at least one of the buckling shape factors is less than 15, switch to GMNIA to perform the non-linear analysis of structural stability. According to EN 1993-1-1, choose the most critical buckling shape or a combination of buckling shapes and input the initial imperfection of the critical beam. In this case, choose the first buckling shape 1 as the most critical one. Switch to the GMNIA tab in the right panel and determine the imperfection of 9 mm (0,5xL/300 = 0,5*5400/300 = 9 mm), which you type in as the Amplitude in column 1. Then again, click the Calculate button. In this case, the analysis may take several minutes.
As you browse the results, you can notice that the GMNIA applied loads have not reached 100%, which means under given loads, the structure loses stability. In order to pass the stability checks, you need to strengthen the frame.
Go back to tab Design and in the tree menu, navigate to Operations, right-click on AM2 and add Transversal stiffeners to strengthen the most stressed frame corner and decrease the buckling effects.
Then modify the stiffener parameters and add one more transversal stiffener to the same beam AM2 and another one to the column AM3 and set them in the right position.
Now go back to tab Check and repeat the calculation in three steps - MNA, LBA, GMNIA. The designed frame passed the stability code-checks with applied initial imperfections, and you can browse the results such as strain distribution and internal forces diagram.
At last, go to the tab Report. IDEA StatiCa offers a fully customizable report to print out or save in an editable format.
You have designed, optimized, and code-checked a steel frame as a structural detail according to Eurocode (EN).