How to model one bolt connection (Model type)

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In this article we will discuss the different model types defined for connected members and how to correctly set the type in case of one bolt connection.

Bearing member and supports

One member of the joint is always set as "bearing". All other members are "connected". The bearing member can be chosen by the designer. The bearing member can be "continuous" or "ended" in the joint. "Ended" members are supported on one end, the "continuous" members are supported on both ends. Supports are depicted as red squares at the continuous ends of the bearing member.

For more, read the Equilibrium and supporting member.

Defining the Model type

Connected members can be of several types, according to the load, which the member can take:

  • Type N-Vy-Vz-Mx-My-Mz – member is able to transfer all 6 components of internal forces
  • Type N-Vy-Mz – member is able to transfer only loading in XY plane – internal forces N, Vy, Mz
  • Type N-Vz-My – member is able to transfer only loading in XZ plane – internal forces N, Vz, My
  • Type N-Vy-Vz – member is able to transfer only normal force N and shear forces Vy and Vz

Appropriate support types respecting the type of the individual members should be defined at the ends of the connected members to prevent the occurrence of unstable mechanisms.

One bolt connection

Sometimes, the engineer needs to make a joint with one bolt only, especially if e.g. a hinge, a bracing, a rod, or a diagonal is expected. To model and calculate this kind of operation, you need to define a proper Model type of the member.

How to model one bolt connection

If you use the standard Model type: N-Vy-Vz-Mx-My-Mz for a member connected only with a single bolt, the mechanism/singularity can occur or the analysis will fail.

How to model one bolt connection

You have to change the Model type to N-Vy-Vz in the Properties of the hinge-connected member.

How to model one bolt connection

Now, the model is correct and the mechanism is prevented.

How to model one bolt connection

Webinar recording

See the recording of our webinar where the model type setting and one bolt connection are demonstrated live.

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