# Structural design of a concrete frame joint (EN)

The analyzed frame joint will be part of a real reinforced concrete frame structure. The frame is 4 m high, the span is 8 m and both columns will have fixed supports.

## 1 New project

Start a New project in IDEA StatiCa Detail.

In the Discontinuity Region Wizard, set the **concrete** and **reinforcement** grade and define the **Concrete**** cover** thickness. Select the **Frame joints** template.

From Frame joint templates select **Knee joint**.

By choosing a predefined template the software will automatically generate the geometry, load, and reinforcement.

## 2 Geometry

Start with the modification of the geometry. The predefined knee joint consists of a Column and a Beam. Change the cross-section of the column by clicking on **Edit parameters**.

Let’s **change** the **dimensions** of the cross-section.

Then **add** a new **cross-section** for the beam:

Again, change the dimensions:

## 3 Loads

In the navigator proceed to the definition of loads. Two load cases and three nonlinear combinations were automatically added by the software. You need two load cases to distinguish between permanent and variable loads and three combinations to cover ULS and SLS checks.

Let´s modify load case **LC1** for permanent effects. At first, remove the line load from the column.

Then you can **modify** the **intensity** of the line load on the beam:

Switch to **LC2** load case by combo box and repeat the steps with different values.

Now go to the **Internal forces** tab and apply them in the cross-section, which is placed in the intersection of the column and the beam. You can get these internal forces by modeling and calculating the whole frame with the corresponding line load (30 kN/m for LC1 and 20 kN/m for LC2) in any CAE/FEM software in minutes.

## 4 Reinforcement

Once the load has been defined, you can proceed to reinforcement design. Before you design one, you can try to run the **Topology Optimization** tool to see how the most effective reinforcement layout should look like if you want to use selected effective volume of the structure.

For the effective volume of **20%**, the structure looks like this (red lines represent compression and blue lines represent tension). You can switch between effective volumes in the ribbon.

Proceed to **Input/edit** the reinforcement. You will exploit the items created by the template.

Modify the group **GB1**, the bars will be lengthened to the left edge:

## 5 Calculation and Check

Start the analysis by clicking **Check** in the ribbon. The analysis model is automatically generated, the calculations are performed, and you can see the summary of checks displayed together with the values of check results.

In the **Summary** tab, you can find the table with governing checks. Let’s take a peek at it:

In the first row of the table, you can see that the governing ULS check is the strength of the reinforcement in the combination C1.

You can also notice the Increment column. The values P100%, V100% say that the calculation finished successfully, and all the permanent and variable load was applied on the structure.

If you **click** on the row with the **SLS summary**, the following table appears:

In terms of SLS checks the Stress limitation check is the governing one for the column in the combination C3. You can see that the structure did not satisfy this check, the utilization is over 100%. We will show how to cope with this problem in a minute.

Notice the abbreviations (ST) and (LT) after the names of the combinations. IDEA StatiCa Detail calculates with different elastic modulus for the short-term (ST) and long-term (LT) effects.

Now, you can do a little experiment by changing some rebars in **Reinforcement** and see how it affects the results. Change the diameter of the group **GB3**:

You can also check out the reinforcement in **Real 3D** view (top ribbon):

After that, you need to run the calculation again to obtain the updated results.

After the modification, this structure satisfies all the checks.

## 6 Report

At last, we go to the **Report Preview/Print**. IDEA StatiCa offers a fully customizable report to print out or save in an editable format.

You have designed, optimized, and code-checked a frame joint according to Eurocode.