Concrete frame joint

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Learn how to design and code-check a concrete frame joint using application IDEA StatiCa Detail.

Analyzed frame joint will be part of a real reinforced concrete frame structure. The frame is 4 m high, the span is 8 m and both columns will have fixed supports.

1 New project

Start a New project in IDEA StatiCa Detail.

In the Discontinuity Region Wizard, set the concrete and reinforcement grade and define the Concrete cover thickness. Select the Frame joints template.

Frame joint - New project

From Frame joint templates select Knee joint.

Frame joint - Design

By choosing a predefined template the software will automatically generate the geometry, load, and reinforcement.

2 Geometry

Start with the modification of the geometry. The predefined knee joint consists of a Column and a Beam. Change the cross-section of the column by clicking on Edit parameters.

Frame joint - Geometry

Let’s change the dimensions of the cross-section.

Frame joint - Dimensions

Then add a new cross-section for the beam:

Frame joint - Dimensions

Again, change the dimensions:

Frame joint - Dimensions

3 Loads

In the navigator proceed to the definition of loads. Two load cases and three nonlinear combinations were automatically added by the software. You need two load cases to distinguish between permanent and variable loads and three combinations to cover ULS and SLS checks.

Let´s modify load case LC1 for permanent effects. At first, remove the line load from the column.

Frame joint - Loads

Then you can modify the intensity of the line load on the beam:

Frame joint - Loads

Switch to LC2 load case by combo box and repeat the steps with different values.

Frame joint - Loads
Frame joint - Loads

Now go to the Internal forces tab and apply them in the cross-section, which is placed in the intersection of the column and the beam. You can get these internal forces by modeling and calculating the whole frame with the corresponding line load (30 kN/m for LC1 and 20 kN/m for LC2) in any CAE/FEM software in minutes.

Frame joint - Internal forces
Frame joint - Internal forces

4 Reinforcement

Once the load has been defined, you can proceed to reinforcement design. Before you design one, you can try to run the Topology Optimization tool to see how the most effective reinforcement layout should look like if you want to use selected effective volume of the structure.

For the effective volume of 20%, the structure looks like this (red lines represent compression and blue lines represent tension). You can switch between effective volumes in the ribbon.

Frame joint - Reinforcement

Proceed to Input/edit the reinforcement. You will exploit the items created by the template.

Frame joint - Reinforcement

Modify the group GB1, the bars will be lengthened to the left edge:

Frame joint - Reinforcement

5 Calculation and Check

Start the analysis by clicking Check in the ribbon. The analysis model is automatically generated, the calculations are performed, and you can see the summary of checks displayed together with the values of check results.

Frame joint - Check

In the Summary tab, you can find the table with governing checks. Let’s take a peek at it:

Frame joint - Check

In the first row of the table, you can see that the governing ULS check is the strength of the reinforcement in the combination C1.

You can also notice the Increment column. The values P100%, V100% say that the calculation finished successfully, and all the permanent and variable load was applied on the structure.

If you click on the row with the SLS summary, the following table appears:

Frame joint - Check

In terms of SLS checks the Stress limitation check is the governing one for the column in the combination C3. You can see that the structure did not satisfy this check, the utilization is over 100%. We will show how to cope with this problem in a minute.

Notice the abbreviations (ST) and (LT) after the names of the combinations. IDEA StatiCa Detail calculates with different elastic modulus for the short-term (ST) and long-term (LT) effects.

Now, you can do a little experiment by changing some rebars in Reinforcement and see how it affects the results. Change the diameter of the group GB3:

Frame joint - Reinforcement

You can also check out the reinforcement in Real 3D view (top ribbon):

Frame joint - Reinforcement

After that, you need to run the calculation again to obtain the updated results.

Frame joint - Check

After the modification, this structure satisfies all the checks.

6 Report

At last, we go to the Report Preview/Print. IDEA StatiCa offers a fully customizable report to print out or save in an editable format.

Frame joint - Report
Frame joint - Report

You have designed, optimized and code-checked a frame joint according to Eurocode.

Sample files

Frame joint

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